The Essentiality of Nutritional Supplementation in HIV Infection and AIDS: Review of Clinical Studies and Results from a Community Health Micronutrient Program

R.J. Jariwalla, A. Niedzwiecki, M. Rath
Bioactive Food in Promoting Heath: Fruits and Vegetables, Ed. R. Watson and V. Preedy  
Elsevier Inc, 2010, Ch. 22, pp. 323-342

The evaluation of the effects of a micronutrient program on AIDS-defining symptoms and other symptoms associated with AIDS in different populations of patients living in different townships and different regions of South Africa, which included Cape Town (Khayelitsha and Western Cape), KwaZulu-Natal province (including Durban) and Free State, concludes that: a) Daily supplementation with a nutritional program containing a defined complex of vitamins, minerals, trace elements, selected amino acids, polyphenols, and other essential nutrients by AIDS patients not taking antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) caused significant reduction in all AIDS-defining and other physical symptoms associated with the progression of AIDS. b)

These observed health improvements in AIDS patients were consistent independent of the township location and region of the country. This evaluation, along with clinical studies reviewed in this report, suggests that science based effective, safe and affordable micronutrient supplementation in combination with other measures of improving nutritional status and living conditions can become a basis of public health strategy to fight immune deficiency.