Naturally Produced Extracellular Matrix Inhibits Growth Rate and Invasiveness of Human Osteosarcoma Cancer Cells

V. Ivanov, S. Ivanova, M.W. Roomi, T. Kalinovsky, A. Niedzwiecki, M. Rath
Medical Oncology 2007, 24(2): 209-217

Enhanced supplementation with certain naturally occuring nutrients and vitamins has been associated with a reduction in occurence and progression of human cancer. The exact mechanisms of this action are still under investigation. Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a key role in the development of cancer. Therefore, we studied whether nutrients could exert anticancer effects through alteration of ECM biological properties.

Confluent cultures of normal human dermal fibroblasts were allowed to produce and deposit ECM during a 7 d incubation period in the presence of tested compounds. Subsequently, fibroblasts were removed and the growth rates of freshly placed cultures of human osteosarcoma cells (lines U2-OS, MMNG, or SK.ES1) on pre-formed ECM were assayed in plain cell growth medium. In addition, ECM was deposited by fibroblasts on the upper surface of a porous plastic membrane and the subsequent migration of osteosarcoma cells to the other side was assayed in non-supplemented medium. The results demonstrated that the ECM produced by normal fibroblasts treated with a mixture of ascorbic acid, lysine, proline, arginine, cysteine, and green tea polyphenols significantly reduced the growth rate and invasive activity of osteosarcoma cells in contrast to the non-supplemented control. The changes in ECM properties were accompanied by significant changes in ECM protein and glycosaminoglycan composition as assayed immunochemically. We conclude that anticancer effects of nutrients involve beneficial changes in ECM biological properties. The role of ECM components in ECM-dependent regulation of tumor cell activities is discussed.

Key Words:
Osteosarcoma, ECM, proliferation, invasion, collage, green tea extract, ascorbic acid, MMP-9

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