E.K. Barbour, E.G. Rayya, H.A. Shaib, R.G. El Hakim, A.M. Abdel Nour, A.Niedzwiecki, S. Harakeh, M. Rath
Veterinaria Italiana 2007, 43(1): 43-54
The authors evaluated the holistic efficacy of nine specific nutrient synergy (NS) against avian influenza virus (AIV) strain Lebanon 1 (H9N2). The study included two segments; the first was designed to determine the minimum dose among four doses (1X, 2X, 3X and 4X in which X = 24.4 mg/ml/bird) of NS, administered intraoesophageally, once per day between 7 and 14 days of age, resulting in an improvement of chicken performance without any toxic side-effects; the second aimed at reducing pathological effects and inducing immunomodulation by the determined safe dose of NS in chickens exposed to AIV.