Misc

Miscellaneous Lightweight utility components

Typographic components

Hero unit

A lightweight, flexible component to showcase key content on your site. It works well on marketing and content-heavy sites.

Hello, world!

This is a simple hero unit, a simple jumbotron-style component for calling extra attention to featured content or information.

Learn more

<div class="hero-unit">
  <h1>Heading</h1>
  <p>Tagline</p>
  <p>
    <a class="btn btn-primary btn-large">
      Learn more
    </a>
  </p>
</div>

Page header

A simple shell for an h1 to appropriately space out and segment sections of content on a page. It can utilize the h1's default small, element as well most other components (with additional styles).

<div class="page-header">
  <h1>Example page header <small>Subtext for header</small></h1>
</div>

Wells

Use the well as a simple effect on an element to give it an inset effect.

Look, I'm in a well!
<div class="well">
  ...
</div>

Optional classes

Control padding and rounded corners with two optional modifier classes.

Look, I'm in a well!
<div class="well well-large">
  ...
</div>
Look, I'm in a well!
<div class="well well-small">
  ...
</div>

Helper classes

Simple, focused classes for small display or behavior tweaks.

.pull-left

Float an element left

class="pull-left"
.pull-left {
  float: left;
  marginr-right: 15px;
}

.pull-right

Float an element right

class="pull-right"
.pull-right {
  float: right;
  margin-left: 15px;
}

.muted

Change an element's color to #999

class="muted"
.muted {
  color: #999;
}

.clearfix

Clear the float on any element

class="clearfix"
.clearfix {
  *zoom: 1;
  &:before,
  &:after {
    display: table;
    content: "";
  }
  &:after {
    clear: both;
  }
}

Label & Badges

Labels and badges

Labels

Labels Markup
Default <span class="label">Default</span>
Success <span class="label label-success">Success</span>
Warning <span class="label label-warning">Warning</span>
Important <span class="label label-important">Important</span>
Info <span class="label label-info">Info</span>
Inverse <span class="label label-inverse">Inverse</span>

Badges

Name Example Markup
Default 1 <span class="badge">1</span>
Success 2 <span class="badge badge-success">2</span>
Warning 4 <span class="badge badge-warning">4</span>
Important 6 <span class="badge badge-important">6</span>
Info 8 <span class="badge badge-info">8</span>
Inverse 10 <span class="badge badge-inverse">10</span>

Thumbnail & Media

Thumbnails and Media

Images

Add classes to an <img> element to easily style images in any project.

<img src="/..." class="img-rounded">
<img src="/..." class="img-circle">
<img src="/..." class="img-polaroid">

Heads up! .img-rounded and .img-circle do not work in IE7-8 due to lack of border-radius support.

Thumbnails Grids of images, videos, text, and more

Default thumbnails

By default, Bootstrap's thumbnails are designed to showcase linked images with minimal required markup.

Highly customizable

With a bit of extra markup, it's possible to add any kind of HTML content like headings, paragraphs, or buttons into thumbnails.

  • Thumbnail label

    Cras justo odio, dapibus ac facilisis in, egestas eget quam. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Nullam id dolor id nibh ultricies vehicula ut id elit.

    Action Action

  • Thumbnail label

    Cras justo odio, dapibus ac facilisis in, egestas eget quam. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Nullam id dolor id nibh ultricies vehicula ut id elit.

    Action Action

  • Thumbnail label

    Cras justo odio, dapibus ac facilisis in, egestas eget quam. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Nullam id dolor id nibh ultricies vehicula ut id elit.

    Action Action

Why use thumbnails

Thumbnails (previously .media-grid up until v1.4) are great for grids of photos or videos, image search results, retail products, portfolios, and much more. They can be links or static content.

Simple, flexible markup

Thumbnail markup is simple—a ul with any number of li elements is all that is required. It's also super flexible, allowing for any type of content with just a bit more markup to wrap your contents.

Uses grid column sizes

Lastly, the thumbnails component uses existing grid system classes—like .grid2 or .grid3—for control of thumbnail dimensions.

Markup

As mentioned previously, the required markup for thumbnails is light and straightforward. Here's a look at the default setup for linked images:

<ul class="thumbnails block">
  <li class="grid4">
    <a href="#" class="thumbnail">
      <img src="https://placehold.it/300x200" alt="">
    </a>
  </li>
  ...
</ul>

For custom HTML content in thumbnails, the markup changes slightly. To allow block level content anywhere, we swap the <a> for a <div> like so:

<ul class="thumbnails">
  <li class="grid4">
    <div class="thumbnail block">
      <img src="https://placehold.it/300x200" alt="">
      <h3>Thumbnail label</h3>
      <p>Thumbnail caption...</p>
    </div>
  </li>
  ...
</ul>

More examples

Explore all your options with the various grid classes available to you. You can also mix and match different sizes.

Media object

Abstract object styles for building various types of components (like blog comments, Tweets, etc) that feature a left- or right-aligned image alongside textual content.

Default example

The default media allow to float a media object (images, video, audio) to the left or right of a content block.

Media heading

Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis. Fusce condimentum nunc ac nisi vulputate fringilla. Donec lacinia congue felis in faucibus.

Media heading

Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis. Fusce condimentum nunc ac nisi vulputate fringilla. Donec lacinia congue felis in faucibus.

Media heading

Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis. Fusce condimentum nunc ac nisi vulputate fringilla. Donec lacinia congue felis in faucibus.
<div class="media">
  <a class="pull-left" href="#">
    <img class="media-object" src="https://placehold.it/64x64">
  </a>
  <div class="media-body">
    <h4 class="media-heading">Media heading</h4>
    ...

    <!-- Nested media object -->
    <div class="media">
      ...
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Media list

With a bit of extra markup, you can use media inside list (useful for comment threads or articles lists).

  • Media heading

    Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis.

    Nested media heading

    Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis.

    Nested media heading

    Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis.

    Nested media heading

    Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis.
  • Media heading

    Cras sit amet nibh libero, in gravida nulla. Nulla vel metus scelerisque ante sollicitudin commodo. Cras purus odio, vestibulum in vulputate at, tempus viverra turpis.
<ul class="media-list">
  <li class="media">
    <a class="pull-left" href="#">
      <img class="media-object" src="https://placehold.it/64x64">
    </a>
    <div class="media-body">
      <h4 class="media-heading">Media heading</h4>
      ...

      <!-- Nested media object -->
      <div class="media">
        ...
     </div>
    </div>
  </li>
</ul>

Icons

Icons

Font Awesome

Font Awesome is a pictographic language of web-related actions which delivers 220 icons. The Font Awesome webfont, CSS, and LESS files are licensed under CC BY 3.0 and you can find the full bs-examples of usage at Font Awesome - https://fortawesome.github.com/Font-Awesome

Add .icon-CLASS_NAME to any element, best used with a <span>.

Web Icons

icon-adjust

icon-asterisk

icon-ban-circle

icon-bar-chart

icon-barcode

icon-beaker

icon-bell

icon-bolt

icon-book

icon-bookmark

icon-bookmark-empty

icon-briefcase

icon-bullhorn

icon-calendar

icon-camera

icon-camera-retro

icon-certificate

icon-check

icon-check-empty

icon-cloud

icon-cog

icon-cogs

icon-comment

icon-comment-alt

icon-comments

icon-comments-alt

icon-credit-card

icon-dashboard

icon-download

icon-download-alt

icon-edit

icon-envelope

icon-envelope-alt

icon-exclamation-sign

icon-external-link

icon-eye-close

icon-eye-open

icon-facetime-video

icon-film

icon-filter

icon-fire

icon-flag

icon-folder-close

icon-folder-open

icon-gift

icon-glass

icon-globe

icon-group

icon-hdd

icon-headphones

icon-heart

icon-heart-empty

icon-home

icon-inbox

icon-info-sign

icon-key

icon-leaf

icon-legal

icon-lemon

icon-lock

icon-unlock

icon-magic

icon-magnet

icon-map-marker

icon-minus

icon-minus-sign

icon-money

icon-move

icon-music

icon-off

icon-ok

icon-ok-circle

icon-ok-sign

icon-pencil

icon-picture

icon-plane

icon-plus

icon-plus-sign

icon-print

icon-pushpin

icon-qrcode

icon-question-sign

icon-random

icon-refresh

icon-remove

icon-remove-circle

icon-remove-sign

icon-reorder

icon-resize-horizontal

icon-resize-vertical

icon-retweet

icon-road

icon-rss

icon-screenshot

icon-search

icon-share

icon-share-alt

icon-shopping-cart

icon-signal



icon-signout

icon-sitemap

icon-sort

icon-sort-down

icon-sort-up

icon-star

icon-star-empty

icon-star-half

icon-tag

icon-tags

icon-tasks

icon-thumbs-down

icon-thumbs-up

icon-time

icon-tint

icon-trash

icon-trophy

icon-truck

icon-umbrella

icon-upload

icon-upload-alt

icon-user

icon-user-md

icon-volume-off

icon-volume-down

icon-volume-up

icon-warning-sign

icon-wrench

icon-zoom-in

icon-zoom-out

Text Editor Icons

icon-file

icon-cut

icon-copy

icon-paste

icon-save

icon-undo

icon-repeat

icon-paper-clip

icon-text-height

icon-text-width

icon-align-left

icon-align-center

icon-align-right

icon-align-justify

icon-indent-left

icon-indent-right

icon-font

icon-bold

icon-italic

icon-strikethrough

icon-underline

icon-link

icon-columns

icon-table

icon-th-large

icon-th

icon-th-list

icon-list

icon-list-ol

icon-list-ul

icon-list-alt

Directional Icons

icon-arrow-down

icon-arrow-left

icon-arrow-right

icon-arrow-up

icon-chevron-down

icon-circle-arrow-down

icon-circle-arrow-left

icon-circle-arrow-right

icon-circle-arrow-up

icon-chevron-left

icon-caret-down

icon-caret-left

icon-caret-right

icon-caret-up

icon-chevron-right

icon-hand-down

icon-hand-left

icon-hand-right

icon-hand-up

icon-chevron-up

Video Player Icons

icon-play-circle

icon-play

icon-pause

icon-stop

icon-step-backward

icon-fast-backward

icon-backward

icon-forward

icon-fast-forward

icon-step-forward

icon-eject

icon-fullscreen

icon-resize-full

icon-resize-small

Social Icons

icon-phone

icon-phone-sign

icon-facebook

icon-facebook-sign

icon-twitter

icon-twitter-sign

icon-github

icon-github-sign

icon-linkedin

icon-linkedin-sign

icon-pinterest

icon-pinterest-sign

icon-google-plus

icon-google-plus-sign

icon-sign-blank

<span class="icon-CLASS_NAME">
  ...
</span>
<span class="icon-download">
  ...
</span>

More Examples

Many examples re-used from the Twitter Bootstrap documentation.

Use Font Awesome icons in:

  • Bulleted lists (like this one)
  • Buttons
  • Button groups
  • Navigation
  • Prepended form inputs
  • And many more with Custom CSS

Code

Inline Icon

Place Font Awesome icons just about anywhere with the <i> tag.

icon-camera-retro
  <div style="font-size: 24px;">
    <i class="icon-camera-retro"></i> icon-camera-retro
  </div>
  
Icon classes are echoed via CSS :before.

Increase the icon size by using the icon-large class. This increases the size by 33% relative to the font-size of the container.

icon-camera-retro
  <div style="font-size: 24px;">
    <i class="icon-camera-retro icon-large"></i> icon-camera-retro
  </div>
  

Notice & Alerts

Notice & Error

Error or danger

Oh snap! Change a few things up and try submitting again.
<div class="alert alert-error">
  ...
</div>

Success

Well done! You successfully read this important alert message.
<div class="alert alert-success">
  ...
</div>

Information

Heads up! This alert needs your attention, but it's not super important.
<div class="alert alert-info">
  ...
</div>

Buttons

Buttons

Default buttons

Button styles can be applied to anything with the .btn class applied. However, typically you'll want to apply these to only <a> and <button> elements for the best rendering.

Button class="" Description
btn Standard gray button with gradient
btn btn-primary Provides extra visual weight and identifies the primary action in a set of buttons
btn btn-info Used as an alternative to the default styles
btn btn-success Indicates a successful or positive action
btn btn-warning Indicates caution should be taken with this action
btn btn-danger Indicates a dangerous or potentially negative action
btn btn-inverse Alternate dark gray button, not tied to a semantic action or use
btn btn-link Deemphasize a button by making it look like a link while maintaining button behavior

Cross browser compatibility

IE9 doesn't crop background gradients on rounded corners, so we remove it. Related, IE9 jankifies disabled button elements, rendering text gray with a nasty text-shadow that we cannot fix.

Button sizes

Fancy larger or smaller buttons? Add .btn-large, .btn-small, or .btn-mini for additional sizes.

<p>
<button class="btn btn-large btn-primary" type="button">Large button</button>
<button class="btn btn-large" type="button">Large button</button>
</p>
<p>
<button class="btn btn-primary" type="button">Default button</button>
<button class="btn" type="button">Default button</button>
</p>
<p>
<button class="btn btn-small btn-primary" type="button">Small button</button>
<button class="btn btn-small" type="button">Small button</button>
</p>
<p>
<button class="btn btn-mini btn-primary" type="button">Mini button</button>
<button class="btn btn-mini" type="button">Mini button</button>
</p>

Create block level buttons—those that span the full width of a parent— by adding .btn-block.

<button class="btn btn-large btn-block btn-primary" type="button">Block level button</button>
<button class="btn btn-large btn-block" type="button">Block level button</button>

Disabled state

Make buttons look unclickable by fading them back 50%.

Anchor element

Add the .disabled class to <a> buttons.

Primary link Link

<a href="#" class="btn btn-large btn-primary disabled">Primary link</a>
<a href="#" class="btn btn-large disabled">Link</a>

Heads up! We use .disabled as a utility class here, similar to the common .active class, so no prefix is required. Also, this class is only for aesthetic; you must use custom JavaScript to disable links here.

Button element

Add the disabled attribute to <button> buttons.

<button type="button" class="btn btn-large btn-primary disabled" disabled="disabled">Primary button</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-large" disabled>Button</button>

One class, multiple tags

Use the .btn class on an <a>, <button>, or <input> element.

Link
<a class="btn" href="/">Link</a>
<button class="btn" type="submit">Button</button>
<input class="btn" type="button" value="Input">
<input class="btn" type="submit" value="Submit">

As a best practice, try to match the element for your context to ensure matching cross-browser rendering. If you have an input, use an <input type="submit"> for your button.

Forms

Forms

Default styles

Individual form controls receive styling, but without any required base class on the <form> or large changes in markup. Results in stacked, left-aligned labels on top of form controls.

Legend Example block-level help text here.
<form>
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Legend</legend>
    <label>Label name</label>
    <input type="text" placeholder="Type something…">
    <span class="help-block">Example block-level help text here.</span>
    <label class="checkbox">
      <input type="checkbox"> Check me out
    </label>
    <button type="submit" class="btn">Submit</button>
  </fieldset>
</form>

Optional layouts

Included with Bootstrap are three optional form layouts for common use cases.

Search form

Add .form-search to the form and .search-query to the <input> for an extra-rounded text input.

<form class="form-search">
  <input type="text" class="input-medium search-query">
  <button type="submit" class="btn">Search</button>
</form>

Inline form

Add .form-inline for left-aligned labels and inline-block controls for a compact layout.

<form class="form-inline">
  <input type="text" class="input-small" placeholder="Email">
  <input type="password" class="input-small" placeholder="Password">
  <label class="checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox"> Remember me
  </label>
  <button type="submit" class="btn">Sign in</button>
</form>

Horizontal form

Right align labels and float them to the left to make them appear on the same line as controls. Requires the most markup changes from a default form:

  • Add .form-horizontal to the form
  • Wrap labels and controls in .control-group
  • Add .control-label to the label
  • Wrap any associated controls in .controls for proper alignment
<form class="form-horizontal">
  <div class="control-group">
    <label class="control-label" for="inputEmail">Email</label>
    <div class="controls">
      <input type="text" id="inputEmail" placeholder="Email">
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="control-group">
    <label class="control-label" for="inputPassword">Password</label>
    <div class="controls">
      <input type="password" id="inputPassword" placeholder="Password">
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="control-group">
    <div class="controls">
      <label class="checkbox">
        <input type="checkbox"> Remember me
      </label>
      <button type="submit" class="btn">Sign in</button>
    </div>
  </div>
</form>

Supported form controls

Examples of standard form controls supported in an example form layout.

Inputs

Most common form control, text-based input fields. Includes support for all HTML5 types: text, password, datetime, datetime-local, date, month, time, week, number, email, url, search, tel, and color.

Requires the use of a specified type at all times.

<input type="text" placeholder="Text input">

Textarea

Form control which supports multiple lines of text. Change rows attribute as necessary.

<textarea rows="3"></textarea>

Checkboxes and radios

Checkboxes are for selecting one or several options in a list while radios are for selecting one option from many.

Default (stacked)


<label class="checkbox">
  <input type="checkbox" value="">
  Option one is this and that—be sure to include why it's great
</label>

<label class="radio">
  <input type="radio" name="optionsRadios" id="optionsRadios1" value="option1" checked>
  Option one is this and that—be sure to include why it's great
</label>
<label class="radio">
  <input type="radio" name="optionsRadios" id="optionsRadios2" value="option2">
  Option two can be something else and selecting it will deselect option one
</label>

Inline checkboxes

Add the .inline class to a series of checkboxes or radios for controls appear on the same line.

<label class="checkbox inline">
  <input type="checkbox" id="inlineCheckbox1" value="option1"> 1
</label>
<label class="checkbox inline">
  <input type="checkbox" id="inlineCheckbox2" value="option2"> 2
</label>
<label class="checkbox inline">
  <input type="checkbox" id="inlineCheckbox3" value="option3"> 3
</label>

Selects

Use the default option or specify a multiple="multiple" to show multiple options at once.


<select>
  <option>1</option>
  <option>2</option>
  <option>3</option>
  <option>4</option>
  <option>5</option>
</select>

<select multiple="multiple">
  <option>1</option>
  <option>2</option>
  <option>3</option>
  <option>4</option>
  <option>5</option>
</select>

Extending form controls

Adding on top of existing browser controls, Bootstrap includes other useful form components.

Prepended and appended inputs

Add text or buttons before or after any text-based input. Do note that select elements are not supported here.

Default options

Wrap an .add-on and an input with one of two classes to prepend or append text to an input.

@

.00
<div class="input-prepend">
  <span class="add-on">@</span>
  <input class="span2" id="prependedInput" type="text" placeholder="Username">
</div>
<div class="input-append">
  <input class="span2" id="appendedInput" type="text">
  <span class="add-on">.00</span>
</div>

Combined

Use both classes and two instances of .add-on to prepend and append an input.

$ .00
<div class="input-prepend input-append">
  <span class="add-on">$</span>
  <input class="span2" id="appendedPrependedInput" type="text">
  <span class="add-on">.00</span>
</div>

Buttons instead of text

Instead of a <span> with text, use a .btn to attach a button (or two) to an input.

<div class="input-append">
  <input class="span2" id="appendedInputButton" type="text">
  <button class="btn" type="button">Go!</button>
</div>
<div class="input-append">
  <input class="span2" id="appendedInputButtons" type="text">
  <button class="btn" type="button">Search</button>
  <button class="btn" type="button">Options</button>
</div>

Button dropdowns

<div class="input-append">
  <input class="span2" id="appendedDropdownButton" type="text">
  <div class="btn-group">
    <button class="btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">
      Action
      <span class="caret"></span>
    </button>
    <ul class="dropdown-menu">
      ...
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="input-prepend">
  <div class="btn-group">
    <button class="btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">
      Action
      <span class="caret"></span>
    </button>
    <ul class="dropdown-menu">
      ...
    </ul>
  </div>
  <input class="span2" id="prependedDropdownButton" type="text">
</div>
<div class="input-prepend input-append">
  <div class="btn-group">
    <button class="btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">
      Action
      <span class="caret"></span>
    </button>
    <ul class="dropdown-menu">
      ...
    </ul>
  </div>
  <input class="span2" id="appendedPrependedDropdownButton" type="text">
  <div class="btn-group">
    <button class="btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">
      Action
      <span class="caret"></span>
    </button>
    <ul class="dropdown-menu">
      ...
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>

Search form

<form class="form-search">
  <div class="input-append">
    <input type="text" class="span2 search-query">
    <button type="submit" class="btn">Search</button>
  </div>
  <div class="input-prepend">
    <button type="submit" class="btn">Search</button>
    <input type="text" class="span2 search-query">
  </div>
</form>

Control sizing

Use relative sizing classes like .input-large or match your inputs to the grid column sizes using .span* classes.

Block level inputs

Make any <input> or <textarea> element behave like a block level element.

<input class="input-block-level" type="text" placeholder=".input-block-level">

Relative sizing

<input class="input-mini" type="text" placeholder=".input-mini">
<input class="input-small" type="text" placeholder=".input-small">
<input class="input-medium" type="text" placeholder=".input-medium">
<input class="input-large" type="text" placeholder=".input-large">
<input class="input-xlarge" type="text" placeholder=".input-xlarge">
<input class="input-xxlarge" type="text" placeholder=".input-xxlarge">

Heads up! In future versions, we'll be altering the use of these relative input classes to match our button sizes. For example, .input-large will increase the padding and font-size of an input.

Grid sizing

Use .span1 to .span12 for inputs that match the same sizes of the grid columns.

<input class="span1" type="text" placeholder=".span1">
<input class="span2" type="text" placeholder=".span2">
<input class="span3" type="text" placeholder=".span3">
<select class="span1">
  ...
</select>
<select class="span2">
  ...
</select>
<select class="span3">
  ...
</select>

For multiple grid inputs per line, use the .controls-row modifier class for proper spacing. It floats the inputs to collapse white-space, sets the proper margins, and the clears the float.

<div class="controls">
  <input class="span5" type="text" placeholder=".span5">
</div>
<div class="controls controls-row">
  <input class="span4" type="text" placeholder=".span4">
  <input class="span1" type="text" placeholder=".span1">
</div>
...

Uneditable inputs

Present data in a form that's not editable without using actual form markup.

Some value here
<span class="input-xlarge uneditable-input">Some value here</span>

Form actions

End a form with a group of actions (buttons). When placed within a .form-horizontal, the buttons will automatically indent to line up with the form controls.

<div class="form-actions">
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Save changes</button>
  <button type="button" class="btn">Cancel</button>
</div>

Help text

Inline and block level support for help text that appears around form controls.

Inline help

Inline help text
<input type="text"><span class="help-inline">Inline help text</span>

Block help

A longer block of help text that breaks onto a new line and may extend beyond one line.
<input type="text"><span class="help-block">A longer block of help text that breaks onto a new line and may extend beyond one line.</span>

Form control states

Provide feedback to users or visitors with basic feedback states on form controls and labels.

Input focus

We remove the default outline styles on some form controls and apply a box-shadow in its place for :focus.

<input class="input-xlarge" id="focusedInput" type="text" value="This is focused...">

Disabled inputs

Add the disabled attribute on an input to prevent user input and trigger a slightly different look.

<input class="input-xlarge" id="disabledInput" type="text" placeholder="Disabled input here..." disabled>

Validation states

Bootstrap includes validation styles for error, warning, info, and success messages. To use, add the appropriate class to the surrounding .control-group.

Something may have gone wrong
Please correct the error
Username is taken
Woohoo!
<div class="control-group warning">
  <label class="control-label" for="inputWarning">Input with warning</label>
  <div class="controls">
    <input type="text" id="inputWarning">
    <span class="help-inline">Something may have gone wrong</span>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="control-group error">
  <label class="control-label" for="inputError">Input with error</label>
  <div class="controls">
    <input type="text" id="inputError">
    <span class="help-inline">Please correct the error</span>
  </div>
</div>
<div class="control-group success">
  <label class="control-label" for="inputSuccess">Input with success</label>
  <div class="controls">
    <input type="text" id="inputSuccess">
    <span class="help-inline">Woohoo!</span>
  </div>
</div>

Table

Tables

Default styles

For basic styling—light padding and only horizontal dividers—add the base class .table to any <table>.

# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter
<table class="table">
  …
</table>

Optional classes

Add any of the following classes to the .table base class.

.table-striped

Adds zebra-striping to any table row within the <tbody> via the :nth-child CSS selector (not available in IE7-IE8).

# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter
<table class="table table-striped">
  …
</table>

.table-bordered

Add borders and rounded corners to the table.

# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
Mark Otto @TwBootstrap
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter
<table class="table table-bordered">
  …
</table>

.table-hover

Enable a hover state on table rows within a <tbody>.

# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter
<table class="table table-hover">
  …
</table>

.table-condensed

Makes tables more compact by cutting cell padding in half.

# First Name Last Name Username
1 Mark Otto @mdo
2 Jacob Thornton @fat
3 Larry the Bird @twitter
<table class="table table-condensed">
  …
</table>

Optional row classes

Use contextual classes to color table rows.

Class Description
.success Indicates a successful or positive action.
.error Indicates a dangerous or potentially negative action.
.warning Indicates a warning that might need attention.
.info Used as an alternative to the default styles.
# Product Payment Taken Status
1 TB - Monthly 01/04/2012 Approved
2 TB - Monthly 02/04/2012 Declined
3 TB - Monthly 03/04/2012 Pending
4 TB - Monthly 04/04/2012 Call in to confirm
...
  <tr class="success">
    <td>1</td>
    <td>TB - Monthly</td>
    <td>01/04/2012</td>
    <td>Approved</td>
  </tr>
...

Supported table markup

List of supported table HTML elements and how they should be used.

Tag Description
<table> Wrapping element for displaying data in a tabular format
<thead> Container element for table header rows (<tr>) to label table columns
<tbody> Container element for table rows (<tr>) in the body of the table
<tr> Container element for a set of table cells (<td> or <th>) that appears on a single row
<td> Default table cell
<th> Special table cell for column (or row, depending on scope and placement) labels
Must be used within a <thead>
<caption> Description or summary of what the table holds, especially useful for screen readers
<table>
  <caption>...</caption>
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>...</th>
      <th>...</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <td>...</td>
      <td>...</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

List

Lists

Unordered

A list of items in which the order does not explicitly matter.

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • Consectetur adipiscing elit
  • Integer molestie lorem at massa
  • Facilisis in pretium nisl aliquet
  • Nulla volutpat aliquam velit
    • Phasellus iaculis neque
    • Purus sodales ultricies
    • Vestibulum laoreet porttitor sem
    • Ac tristique libero volutpat at
  • Faucibus porta lacus fringilla vel
  • Aenean sit amet erat nunc
  • Eget porttitor lorem
<ul>
  <li>...</li>
</ul>

Ordered

A list of items in which the order does explicitly matter.

  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  2. Consectetur adipiscing elit
  3. Integer molestie lorem at massa
  4. Facilisis in pretium nisl aliquet
  5. Nulla volutpat aliquam velit
  6. Faucibus porta lacus fringilla vel
  7. Aenean sit amet erat nunc
  8. Eget porttitor lorem
<ol>
  <li>...</li>
</ol>

Unstyled

A list of items with no list-style or additional left padding.

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • Consectetur adipiscing elit
  • Integer molestie lorem at massa
  • Facilisis in pretium nisl aliquet
  • Nulla volutpat aliquam velit
    • Phasellus iaculis neque
    • Purus sodales ultricies
    • Vestibulum laoreet porttitor sem
    • Ac tristique libero volutpat at
  • Faucibus porta lacus fringilla vel
  • Aenean sit amet erat nunc
  • Eget porttitor lorem
<ul class="unstyled">
  <li>...</li>
</ul>

Typography

Typography

Headings

All HTML headings, <h1> through <h6> are available.

h1. Heading 1

h2. Heading 2

h3. Heading 3

h4. Heading 4

h5. Heading 5
h6. Heading 6

Body copy

Bootstrap's global default font-size is 14px, with a line-height of 20px. This is applied to the <body> and all paragraphs. In addition, <p> (paragraphs) receive a bottom margin of half their line-height (10px by default).

Nullam quis risus eget urna mollis ornare vel eu leo. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Nullam id dolor id nibh ultricies vehicula.

Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Donec ullamcorper nulla non metus auctor fringilla. Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus, nisi erat porttitor ligula, eget lacinia odio sem nec elit. Donec ullamcorper nulla non metus auctor fringilla.

Maecenas sed diam eget risus varius blandit sit amet non magna. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus, nisi erat porttitor ligula, eget lacinia odio sem nec elit.

<p>...</p>

Lead body copy

Make a paragraph stand out by adding .lead.

Vivamus sagittis lacus vel augue laoreet rutrum faucibus dolor auctor. Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus.

<p class="lead">...</p>

Built with Less

The typographic scale is based on two LESS variables in variables.less: @baseFontSize and @baseLineHeight. The first is the base font-size used throughout and the second is the base line-height. We use those variables and some simple math to create the margins, paddings, and line-heights of all our type and more. Customize them and Bootstrap adapts.


Emphasis

Make use of HTML's default emphasis tags with lightweight styles.

<small>

For de-emphasizing inline or blocks of text, use the small tag.

This line of text is meant to be treated as fine print.

<p>
  <small>This line of text is meant to be treated as fine print.</small>
</p>

Bold

For emphasizing a snippet of text with a heavier font-weight.

The following snippet of text is rendered as bold text.

<strong>rendered as bold text</strong>

Italics

For emphasizing a snippet of text with italics.

The following snippet of text is rendered as italicized text.

<em>rendered as italicized text</em>

Heads up! Feel free to use <b> and <i> in HTML5. <b> is meant to highlight words or phrases without conveying additional importance while <i> is mostly for voice, technical terms, etc.

Emphasis classes

Convey meaning through color with a handful of emphasis utility classes.

Fusce dapibus, tellus ac cursus commodo, tortor mauris nibh.

Etiam porta sem malesuada magna mollis euismod.

Donec ullamcorper nulla non metus auctor fringilla.

Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis.

Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus, nisi erat porttitor ligula.

<p class="muted">Fusce dapibus, tellus ac cursus commodo, tortor mauris nibh.</p>
<p class="text-warning">Etiam porta sem malesuada magna mollis euismod.</p>
<p class="text-error">Donec ullamcorper nulla non metus auctor fringilla.</p>
<p class="text-info">Aenean eu leo quam. Pellentesque ornare sem lacinia quam venenatis.</p>
<p class="text-success">Duis mollis, est non commodo luctus, nisi erat porttitor ligula.</p>

Abbreviations

Stylized implemenation of HTML's <abbr> element for abbreviations and acronyms to show the expanded version on hover. Abbreviations with a title attribute have a light dotted bottom border and a help cursor on hover, providing additional context on hover.

<abbr>

For expanded text on long hover of an abbreviation, include the title attribute.

An abbreviation of the word attribute is attr.

<abbr title="attribute">attr</abbr>

<abbr class="initialism">

Add .initialism to an abbreviation for a slightly smaller font-size.

HTML is the best thing since sliced bread.

<abbr title="HyperText Markup Language" class="initialism">HTML</abbr>

Addresses

Present contact information for the nearest ancestor or the entire body of work.

<address>

Preserve formatting by ending all lines with <br>.

Twitter, Inc.
795 Folsom Ave, Suite 600
San Francisco, CA 94107
P: (123) 456-7890
Full Name
first.last@gmail.com
<address>
  <strong>Twitter, Inc.</strong><br>
  795 Folsom Ave, Suite 600<br>
  San Francisco, CA 94107<br>
  <abbr title="Phone">P:</abbr> (123) 456-7890
</address>

<address>
  <strong>Full Name</strong><br>
  <a href="mailto:#">first.last@gmail.com</a>
</address>

Blockquotes

For quoting blocks of content from another source within your document.

Default blockquote

Wrap <blockquote> around any HTML as the quote. For straight quotes we recommend a <p>.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.

<blockquote>
  <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.</p>
</blockquote>

Blockquote options

Style and content changes for simple variations on a standard blockquote.

Naming a source

Add <small> tag for identifying the source. Wrap the name of the source work in <cite>.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.

Someone famous in Source Title
<blockquote>
  <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.</p>
  <small>Someone famous <cite title="Source Title">Source Title</cite></small>
</blockquote>

Alternate displays

Use .pull-right for a floated, right-aligned blockquote.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer posuere erat a ante.

Someone famous in Source Title
<blockquote class="pull-right">
  ...
</blockquote>

Description

A list of terms with their associated descriptions.

Description lists
A description list is perfect for defining terms.
Euismod
Vestibulum id ligula porta felis euismod semper eget lacinia odio sem nec elit.
Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus.
Malesuada porta
Etiam porta sem malesuada magna mollis euismod.
<dl>
  <dt>...</dt>
  <dd>...</dd>
</dl>

Horizontal description

Make terms and descriptions in <dl> line up side-by-side.

Description lists
A description list is perfect for defining terms.
Euismod
Vestibulum id ligula porta felis euismod semper eget lacinia odio sem nec elit.
Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus.
Malesuada porta
Etiam porta sem malesuada magna mollis euismod.
Felis euismod semper eget lacinia
Fusce dapibus, tellus ac cursus commodo, tortor mauris condimentum nibh, ut fermentum massa justo sit amet risus.
<dl class="dl-horizontal">
  <dt>...</dt>
  <dd>...</dd>
</dl>

Heads up! Horizontal description lists will truncate terms that are too long to fit in the left column fix text-overflow. In narrower viewports, they will change to the default stacked layout.