Prostate cancer, the number one incidence of cancer in men and second most deadly cancer in the U.S., primarily affects males 55 and older, and is more common in African American males than Caucasian males. Prostate cancer occurs more frequently in the industrialized countries, which account for about 75% of cases; and the highest rates are found in Europe, North America and Australia. Prostate cancers have been identified as hormone dependent (androgen-sensitive) and independent (androgen-insensitive).
Current diagnostic methods, such as PSA tests and digital rectal exams, have helped with early detection of prostate cancer. Standard treatment of prostate cancer consists of surgery (prostatectomy), hormonal therapy and radiotherapy. read more...
Testicular cancer is rare but still represents one of the most frequently occurring cancers in young men. Caucasian men contract testicular cancer more often than African American men. Its peak frequency is observed in early adulthood, between the ages of 20-35, and testicular cancer is rather uncommon after the age of 40.
Risk factors include undescended testes, Klinefelter syndrome and being HIV positive. While chemotherapy has been shown to work in testicular cancer in a number of cases, it is associated with severe side effects and a risk of various diseases. There is a need to develop safe and effective approaches in this type of cancer. read more...