Roomi MW, Bhanap B, Niedzwiecki A, Rath M
Apoptosis (Open Access e-book) ISBN: 978-93-86337-72-6; Publisher: Avid Science In Press: 2018 (http://www.avidscience.com/book/apoptosis/)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is highly erratic and unpredictable even when diagnosed at an early stage. The incidence of RCC is higher among African Americans than among Caucasians. The male to female ratio is 2:1. Except for blood in the urine, other symptoms such as abdominal, back or flank pain, weight loss, and abnormal blood counts, are vague signs and symptoms that delay the diagnosis.